Improvements to the Percolator algorithm for peptide identification from shotgun proteomics data sets

Abstract: Shotgun proteomics coupled with database search software allows the identification of a large number of peptides in a single experiment. However, some existing search algorithms, such as SEQUEST, use score functions that are designed primarily to identify the best peptide for a given spectrum. Consequently, when comparing identifications across spectra, the SEQUEST score function Xcorr fails to discriminate accurately between correct and incorrect peptide identifications. Several machine learning methods have been proposed to address the resulting classification task of distinguishing between correct and incorrect peptide-spectrum matches (PSMs). A recent example is Percolator, which uses semi-supervised learning and a decoy database search strategy to learn to distinguish between correct and incorrect PSMs identified by a database search algorithm. The current work describes three improvements to Percolator. (1) Percolator’s heuristic optimization is replaced with a clear objective function, with intuitive reasons behind its choice. (2) Tractable nonlinear models are used instead of linear models, leading to improved accuracy over the original Percolator. (3) A method, Q-ranker, for directly optimizing the number of identified spectra at a specified q value is proposed, which achieves further gains.

Marina Spivak, Jason Weston, Léon Bottou, Lukas Käll and William S. Noble: Improvements to the Percolator algorithm for peptide identification from shotgun proteomics data sets, Journal of Proteome Research, 8(7):3737–3745, July 2009.

jpr-2009.djvu jpr-2009.pdf jpr-2009.ps.gz

@article{spivak-2009,
  title = {Improvements to the Percolator algorithm for peptide identification from shotgun proteomics data sets},
  author = {Spivak, Marina and Weston, Jason and Bottou, L\'{e}on and K\"{a}ll, Lukas and Noble, William S.},
  journal = {Journal of Proteome Research},
  year = {2009},
  volume = {8},
  number = {7},
  pages = {3737--3745},
  month = {July},
  url = {http://leon.bottou.org/papers/spivak-2009},
}
papers/spivak-2009.txt · Last modified: 2013/11/24 16:11 by leonb
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