# Large-Scale Machine Learning with Stochastic Gradient Descent

Abstract: During the last decade, the data sizes have grown faster than the speed of processors. In this context, the capabilities of statistical machine learning methods is limited by the computing time rather than the sample size. A more precise analysis uncovers qualitatively different trade-offs for the case of small-scale and large-scale learning problems. The large-scale case involves the computational complexity of the underlying optimization algorithm in non-trivial ways. Unlikely optimization algorithms such as stochastic gradient descent show amazing performance for large-scale problems. In particular, second order stochastic gradient and averaged stochastic gradient are asymptotically efficient after a single pass on the training set.

Léon Bottou: Large-Scale Machine Learning with Stochastic Gradient Descent, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computational Statistics (COMPSTAT'2010), 177–187, Edited by Yves Lechevallier and Gilbert Saporta, Paris, France, August 2010, Springer.
@inproceedings{bottou-2010,
author = {Bottou, L\'{e}on},
title = {Large-Scale Machine Learning with Stochastic Gradient Descent},
year = {2010},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computational Statistics (COMPSTAT'2010)},
editor = {Lechevallier, Yves and Saporta, Gilbert},
}